I-212 applications are sometimes considered to be a waiver application, but it is really not. It is an application for permission to reapply for admission into the United States. Generally, it is required after someone has been deported from the U.S. or removed from the U.S. (deported being the old term; removal being the new more common term since IRA). Simply put, it is one of the applications used when someone has been deported and removed from the United States.
Sometimes, it is because they are married to a U.S. citizen or because they have family members in the U.S. They have the ability to try and immigrate, meaning to get a green card to come back to the United States. But, because of their circumstances, because they have been deported or removed, or if they are subject to a mandatory bar, they must actually, in addition to qualifying for sponsorship for the United States and getting the green card. They would also have to apply to the Department of Immigration to seek special permission to come back into the united states. Without this I-212, if you are required to have it, even though you are sponsored by a U.S. citizen or a family member where they would typically allow you to get a green card to come to the U.S., you would not be allowed to process without this I-212 application being approved.
The I-212 is the actual name on the form of this application. It is usually filed here in the United States, but of course, some embassies will have different direction or jurisdiction as to where they would like you to file the application because sometimes the applications are done for people who are green card applicants or immigrant visa applicants, but sometimes it’s also for people who are non-immigrant visa users who are people who are just coming here for a temporary stay, but because of their circumstances they were required to obtain this I-212 approval.
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